Currently, the total installed capacity to generate electricity in Rwanda is 238.36 MW from different power plants, mainly hydro. Only 11% of the available capacity is imported while the rest is domestically generated. By generation technology mix, 50.6% is from hydrological resources, followed by thermal sources (43.4%) and solar sources with 5%.
As part of the efforts to increase the current capacity, a number of projects to build new power plants are underway and will add more capacity on the existing national grid by the year 2024. These include among others Hakan peat to power plant which will add 80MW in 2020, Rusumo Falls Hydropower plant (26MW in 2021), Rusizi III (48.3MW in 2023), Shema (56 MW in 2022) and Nyabarongo II (43.5 MW in 2024).
These projects are expected to considerably reduce the usage of expensive sources (fuel) and change the generation technology mix as indicated in the graph below:
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