Hydro Power in Rwanda
Over the last decade, Rwanda’s hydropower sector showed a tremendous progress. Overall installed capacity of power is about 235.6 MW, hydropower contributing 50.5% of it.
This was achieved by involving private investors in the energy sector; Independent Power Producers (IPPs). Equally contributed to achievement in energy sector is a conducive legal and regulatory environment for private investors in this area.
Grid connected hydropower plants
37 hydropower plants are grid connected and account to 119.44 MW. They include national and shared regional power plant. Hydropower makes up approx. 50.5% of the total installed capacity.
Hydropower plants are publicly owned and operated, leased to private companies, or privately owned (IPP). The publicly owned power plants are managed by the national utility REG/EUCL. They include larger plants such as Ntaruka, Mukungwa and Nyabarongo I. Independent power producers own and operate 6 plants (10 MW). Other 8 power plants (13 MW) are privately operated through leasing agreements with the Government of Rwanda.
Off-grid micro hydropower plants
Currently, 11 micro hydropower plants MW exist in Rwanda as isolated networks. These plants were originally developed by the GoR, and handed over to private sector management to increase the private sector contribution in energy generation. GoR has recently leased out these sites to private investor to better operate, upgrade and connect them to the grid. There is also pico hydropower plants in the range of 1-10 kW which are either publicly owned and operated by the local communities or entirely private.
The project is being developed under NELSAP umbrella for Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania funded by the World Bank. Rusumo falls Hydropower Project is planned to generate 80 MW and the power output will be shared equally by three countries. The project consists of concrete dam with crest length of 150m,Headrace Tunnel of 460m and a surface power station with 3*30MW Kaplan turbines.Read More
Rusizi III Hydropower (145MW) construction project is supported by the World Bank, EU, AfDB among others with an expected investment capital of $450 million and is expected to be completed by 2024. The project is being developed under CEPGL umbrella for Rwanda, Burundi and DRC. Rusizi III hydropower project planned to generate 147MW and the power output will be shared among the three partner states with Rwanda getting 47MW and the rest being shared between Burundi and DRC. The project consists of 105m...Read More
Nyabarongo II (43.5MW) is a multipurpose project expected to cater for water supply, irrigation as well as electrical power generation. The project is also envisaged to mitigate the perpetual flooding downstream of the Nyabarongo River that has proved to be hazardous in the recent years. The project is fully funded by the Government of Rwanda is expected to start end 2019 and expected to be completed in 2025. The project consists of 48m high concrete gravity dam with crest of 228m and a surface power...Read More
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